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Sour Dough Bread is a wonderful and very trendy choice of bread – just takes a week or so to get started on your own bread – (… a week of patience) and then it’s so easy 😊
I have used this simple recipe for a long time and its just wonderful.
Gluten Free White Sourdough Bread
There are three distinct stages to making a sourdough loaf:
- the starter,
- the ferment, and
- the dough itself.
A whole grain flour, such as brown rice or quinoa, is best for making the starter. This loaf rises in a banneton – (a particular styled tray) which will leave its pattern on the dough when is transferred to your oven tray. You could also raise in a bowl and cook in large bread tin. (a 1kg/2lb bread tin)
8-10 tbsp GF Flour of choice
8-10 tbsp tepid water
100g (3.5oz) starter – from above
150g (5.3oz) GF Flour of choice
200ml (0.4pt) tepid water
500g (17.6oz) GF White Bread Flour
1 tsp salt
150ml (0.3pt) tepid water
450ml (0.8pt) ferment – from above
Flour for dusting
1 tbsp oil, for drizzling
Gluten Free Starter – Important helpful notes
- Brown Rice Flour, Quinoa Flour or other gluten free whole grain flours are best for making and feeding a gluten free starter.
- The starter needs to be fed with the regular addition of gluten free flour and water which will stimulate activity.
- Please make a written record to help you remember the time of your last and next flour and water feed – (use a kitchen timer or set your phone alarm.)
- Keep and feed your starter in a glass bowl, loosely covered with some cling film or a clean, wet tea towel.
- Avoid keeping the bowl tightly sealed.
- The ideal temperature for all of your sourdough stages is a warm place at 22-24°C/70-75°.
- In cooler room temperatures the starter will take longer to become active so allow for more time between feeds.
- At warmer room temperatures the starter will become active more quickly and will need feeding more often.
- Small or large bubbles, a lumpy appearance, a honeycomb texture beneath the surface and a pleasing sour or slightly alcoholic aroma are all signs that your starter is becoming active.
- If your tap water contains chlorine, use bottled water instead.
- After feeding the starter with your gluten free flour and water, it should have the consistency of thick custard or porridge and amounts of flour and water can be adjusted to achieve this: if necessary, slightly increase the flour or water to achieve the desired consistency.
- A larger quantity of starter will need a bigger flour and water feed than a smaller quantity.
- A dry, flat, sweaty or watery looking starter usually means a feed of flour and water is urgently needed.
- If a dark, alcoholic smelling liquid forms on the surface of the starter it means your starter has been active but is getting tired so pour off the liquid and feed with flour and water.
- Remove and discard any mouldy looking crust at the edge of the bowl.
- Feeding a starter when it looks active (i.e bubbly) will encourage increased activity.
- To use up any left-over starter, why not make some gluten free sourdough flatbreads or gluten free sourdough pancakes. Otherwise dispose of any unused starter, or keep it at room temperature and feed it regularly until your next baking session.
- An active starter can be kept in a refrigerator and will need feeding every 7 – 10 days. It can also be frozen but needs a warm place, and flour and water feeds to re-establish its activity.
How To make Sour Dough Starter 😊
- On the first day, put one tablespoon of flour and one of water into a 500ml glass bowl and mix together. Cover loosely with cling film and leave in a warm place for about 12 hours.
- After the 12 hours have passed, add another tablespoon of flour and another two of water, mix together, cover loosely and leave for another 12 hours.
- On day two (24 hours since beginning your starter) stir in a third tablespoon of flour and a third of water stir to mix, cover loosely and leave in a warm place for 12 hours.
- For the second feed on day two, add a tablespoon of flour and one of water, stir to mix, cover loosely and leave in a warm place for 12 hours.
- For the first feed of day three (36 hours since beginning your starter), increase the feed by adding two tablespoons of flour and two of water, stir to mix, cover loosely and leave in a warm place for 12 hours.
- On the second fee of day three add two tablespoons of flour and another two of water, mix together and, cover loosely and leave for another 12 hours.
- At this point your starter should be bubbly and ready to create your ferment. If the starter is not showing bubbles, repeat the 12-hour flour and water feeding routine, and ensure the starter is kept in a constantly warm place.
- Once your starter is bubbly, stir the starter and then measure 100g of the starter into a large mixing bowl.
- Add 150g flour and 200ml water, stir to make a paste, cover loosely with cling film and leave in a warm place for 4-12 hours until bubbles appear. When bubbly, your ferment is ready to use (you can either dispose of any unused starter after bread making (or keep and feed it regularly until your next baking session 😊 ).
- Dust the inside of the banneton or bread tin with flour and line a large oven tray with parchment.
- Add the white bread flour, salt and water to the bowl of ferment and stir to mix.
- Continue stirring to make a sticky mass of dough. Avoid adding flour.
- Drizzle the oil over the dough and turn the mixture a couple of times in the bowl.
- Tip the dough into the prepared banneton, cover with oiled cling film and leave in a warm place until double in size which may take 4 – 12 hours.
- Pre-heat the oven.
- Remove the cling film and very gently turn the bread out of the banneton onto the prepared oven tray.
- Bake for 50 – 60 minutes. You will know the bread is cooked if the base sounds hollow when tapped.
Equipment – 25cm/10″ round banneton, or round baking tin, parchment paper, large oven tray and glass bowl
Temperature – 220˚C, Fan 200˚C, 425˚F, Gas 7
Cooking time – 50 to 60 minutes
I’d love you to share photos and comments – it takes a while to get organised but fresh warm sour-dough is so trendy and wonderful – you’ll be a star 😊